Why would “Jost Amman”(//1653.9 - //1659.1; Die Lebensalter der Frau) illustrate the idea of different stages of a woman so late?
Both men and wo|men started in the 1650s. Women are more intelligent than men, that’s why latter still didn’t figure yet, that the first 1,600 years did not exist. More evidence in the brand new book “google 1649’ish” at
google 1649ish - the book ; https://checkthis.com/thebook
Maria Sibylla Meria (1649’ish - 1717)
Think in Compost ! Insects and Spices.
Smelling and Growing. Canalisation vs. Humus Theory
For 1600++ years, noone officially studied butterflies until Maria Sibylla Merian paved the way for Entomology (Metamorphosis Insectorum Surinamesium).
Does this make any logical sense to you? Did you ever grow Compost ?
Officially insects had been “ignored” in both so called ancient and medieval times, because of being declared as evil and “rotting mud”.
Spices hadn’t been categorized and studied for 1600++ years as well.
How is this absurdity possible, if this was the essential idea for the so called
colonisations and first major wars ?
Forget these ridiculous lies. The first 1600 years couldn’t have existed.
Insects and Spices, especially Aphrodisiacs prove better ; ..
coming up soon ]from my book “revealing aurora” at http://tinyURL.com/amazonico ] :
Elisabetha Catherina Koopmann Hevelius
Why did it take 1689 years, until finally someone started to count and map the stars ?
Check out “Revealing Aurora” for discrepancies within the logical progress of “the Blind”, specs/”BRILLEN” [from berylium], astronomy and logical navigation sytems.
The first 16 centuries were made up.
Maria Sibylla Merian (1647 - 1717) - the ^very first kwl chick in ‘his|tory’
experimental feminism [exp|femme’inism ;-)] 1700 -1799
For a deeper, logical explanation of this topic, please check out the oppressed history of “history- and time fakery” in general at http://tinyurl.com/99reasons :
Here is the summary of "experimental feminism", with a special focus on the years 1700 - 1799 only -as part of the first 150 progressing years of humans (*1649)
Anna Waser (1678 in Zurich - 1714)
Highly talented Swiss painter representing “High Baroque”.
Waser was the only women among male students in Joseph Werner’s “Lernwerkstatt für Malerei” (learning workshop for painting)
In 1699, when Waser is 21 years old, she was offered a career as a court painter by art-loving Count Wilhelm Moritz von Solms-Braunfels.
However Waser’s mother suddenly became ill, therefore she had to take care of the household of her parents and her painting was forced to sideline.
Christiana Mariana von Ziegler (1695 in Leipzig - 1760 in Frankfurt an der Oder) Popular german writer of the Enlightenment. Inspired also Johann Sebastian Bach von Ziegler published most of her articles in Gottsched’s weekly “Die vernünftigen Tadlerinnen” (~ Reasonable Reprimands).
In 1730, she became the first and only member of Gottsched “German society” in Leipzig. In 1733 von Ziegler was awarded by the University of Wittenberg with the imperial privileged poet’s crown of “Poeta laureate”.
Anna Magdalena Bach (1701 in Zeitz - 1760 in Leipzig)
Born as Anna Magdalena Wilcke, she became Second wife of Johann Sebastian Bach. Popular Soprano of her time. Worked at one of worldwide oldest opera houses in Leipzig.
Gabrielle Émilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, Marquise du Chatelet-Laumont (1706 in Paris - 1749 in Luneville)
Émilie du Châtelet was known as a French mathematician, physicist, philosopher and translator of the early Enlightenment. She translated Newton’s Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, and combined Newton with Leibniz’s thinking. Moreover, du Châtelet also demanded the participation of women in all human rights. In a commentary on the Bible, she criticized among other things, the creation story: “How amusing it is that the first three days were limited [of Genesis] by morning and evening and on the fourth Day they created the sun. “
In 1738 Émilie du Châtelet and Voltaire did compete independently for a price of the French Academy of Sciences for an explanation of the nature of the fire. The work could be submitted anonymously, so that she could participate as a woman. Although the award went to the Swiss mathematician Leonhard Euler, her dissertation was printed in 1744 at the expense of the Academy. 1746 she was elected by the Academy of Sciences in Bologna, while Paris Academy still rejected women during that time.
Laura Bassi (1711 in Bologna - 1778)
First female university professor in Europe. In April 1732, in the town hall of Bologna, during a two-hour public doctoral examination, Bassi successfully represented 49 theses and received the degree Doctor of Philosophy. In the same year she became the first woman in Europe to become Professor of Philosophy (including theoretical parts of physics) appointed at the University of Bologna.
Bassi was considered a follower of the theories of Isaac Newton (in particular the assumption of action at a distance forces). She already criticized in her dissertation thesis the physics of Descartes.
Sidonia Hedwig Zäunemann (~ 1711 in Erfurt - 1740)
German poet. In her work she takes an early radical and self-confident view on the “social dominance of men" and condemned the idea that women are second class people. During her mostly unconventional life she had long been considered an outsider. Sidonia Zäunemann died in 1740 during one of their rides with her horse.
Marie Françoise Marie Dumesnil aka Françoise Marchand (1713 -1803)
Popular progressive French actress, who played Cleopatra, Athalia, Semiramis, Agrippina.
Luise Adelgunde Victorie Gottsched [born Kulmus] (1713 - 1762)
German writer in the early era of the Enlightenment. Married Johann Christoph Gottsched, a popular literary theorist.
Gottsched did some significant share of work of her husband including correspondence, set up the library, copied documents and participated in the translation of books and magazines from different European languages.
For her work “History of the lyrische Dichtkunst der Deutschen” she never found any publisher.
Sophie Charlotte Ackermann -Biereichel (1714 in Berlin - 1792 in Hamburg)
Popular German actor, as part of the 1740 “Schönemannschen Truppe” in Lüneburg,
Met 1755 in Berlin Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, then performed his “Miss Sara Sampson” for the very first time.
Charlotte Sophie Gräfin von Bentinck (1715 in Varel- 1800 in Hamburg)
Known as one of the first emancipated royalist women of the “18th century”. Befriended Voltaire [„Antimachiavellism|Anti-Machiavel“] and possibly also dated another married royalist, Charlotte Sophie.
Dorothea Christiane Erxleben (1715 in Quedlinburg - 1762)
First promoted female doctor in Germany.
Exceptional intellectual ability and interest in many cientific studies. Author of “Gründliche Untersuchung der Ursachen, die das weibliche Geschlecht vom Studiren abhalten” (~ "Thorough investigation of the causes that prevent the female sex from study”)
Louise-Henriette Volland aka Sophie Volland (1716 - 1784)
French Intellectual, known for correspondence and influence while dating Diderot (1759 - 1774)
Maria Gaetana Agnesi (1718 in Milan - 1799)
Italian mathematician and philanthropist. In 1771, Agnesis also took over the management of a retirement home for women.
In 1748 she released “Instituzioni analitiche" (Foundations of Analysis).
Maria Teresa Agnesi Pinottini (1720 in Milan - 1795)
Italian composer and harpsichordist. Met Leopold Mozart [father of Amadeus Mozart), who dated her sister, Maria Teresa, another famous and successful composer and musician (vocals, harp).
Hedvig Charlotta Nordenflycht (1718 -1763 in Stockholm)
One of most important Swedish writers in the Age of Enlightenment.
Between 1744 and 1750 she released a series of occasional poems, teacher poems, political poems, historical epics, as part of the collection “Qwinligit tankespel” (Female thought experiment)
In 1752 the Reichstag secured her a grand for future literary work. Authored “Fruentimbers Plikt att upöfwa deras Wett”  (the duty of women to make use of the mind) and “Fruentimrets försvar”  (Defence of Women) in which she attacked the oppression of women by patriarchal society.
Nano (Honoria) Nagle (1718 - 1784)
Irish nun. Founder of 1775 Roman Catholic Congregation of the “Union of Presentation Sisters of the Blessed Virgin Mary”
Dedicated her life to the Catholic education of children. Nagle lived in personal poverty, while setting up two girls schools and five boys’ schools.
Nagle was given the nickname “Lady with the Lamp” because she visited the poor in the villages at night.
Sophie Eleanor Walther (1723 - 1754)
German writer, who became honorary member of the “German Society” in 1749 in Göttingen. In 1751 Walther met economist Gottfried Achenwall who had read her poems. Both married in 1752 in Göttingen. Achenwall later becomes famous as a founder of “German statistics”, which he raised to a separate science.
Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt (Darmstadt 1723 - 1783 Paris)
Philanthropist, art collector and botanist.
Caroline Louise was at times member of the Margrave of Baden harpsichordist court orchestra. Furthermore Louise was also a talented illustrator including numerous red chalk drawings and pastels. She furthermore became a member of the Copenhagen Academy of Arts. Lived at residence of the marquisate of Baden Karlsruhe. Among her guests were, besides Voltaire, important contemporaries such as Johann Gottfried von Herder, Johann Caspar Lavater, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock and Christoph Willibald Gluck Christoph Martin Wieland.
Princess Anna Amalia of Prussia (1723 in Berlin - 1787)
German composer and the youngest sister of Friedrich the Great.
With 17 years having lessons in harpsichord and piano, at the age of 21 Anna Amalia was also teaching composition. Then she learned flute, lute, organ and violin. Under Johann Philipp Kirnberger, she continued to learn compositional techniques, such as the “Kontrapunkttechnik” (counterpoint technique). Among her own compositions besides cantatas and chorales were also marches.
For the Berlin City Palace she organized to build a prestigious organ, later also known as the “Amalie organ”, which still does exist in in the Church zur Frohen Botschaft in Berlin-Karlshorst.
Mechthildis Curtens Helena (1722 - 1738 in Gerresheim, Duesseldorf/Germany)
Considered to be an early freethinker, but at the age of 14 years she was officially accused as a witch, as part of the so called last witch trial in german history where she apparently was sentenced to death.
Since 1989, Düsseldorf district Gerresheim recalls the work of art “witch Gerresheimer stone” to her and an associate named Agnes Olmans.
The Council of the City of Duesseldorf rehabilitated both women as victims of the witch trials: Both women are innocent from today’s perspective.
Mary Ann Yates (1728, Birmingham - 1787 London)
British actress and dancer. Notorious for her eccentric appearances. Yates freely admitted to her bisexuality and was chairman of an association of lesbians, the “Anandrinic Society”.
Marie Sophie von La Roche (1730 in Kaufbeuren - 1807 in Offenbach am Main) German writer and Salonnière who wrote in the Age of Enlightenment-style.
Editor of Germany’s first women’s magazine titled “Pomona für Teutschlands Töchter“ (1783/84).
Catherine Sawbridge Macaulay Graham or Catherine Macaulay aka Catharine Macaulay (1731 -1791)
English historian, feminist and republican writer who had had great influence on public figures of the American Revolution. Macaulay is considered to be the first English historian, closely associated with the “Supporters of the Bill of Rights”. This was in 1768 a group of young lawyers and merchants, including Macaulay’s younger brother, Member of Parliament John Sawbridge.
Her 8 volumes work “History of England” (1763 to 1783) covers mainly the 17th Century.
Sophie Friederike Hensel (~ 1737 -1789)
German actress. Member of the Ackermann’s company in Hamburg. Probably involved in their division plus the establishment of the Hamburg National Theatre, where she worked as the first tragic actress.
Angelika Kauffmann (1741 in Chur - 1807 Rome)
Swiss-Austrian painter of Classicism.
Kauffmann and her friend Mary Moser were also among the only female founding members of the Royal Academy in 1768.
In his “theory of colors” Goethe reflected his discussions with Angelica Kauffmann and praised her experimentation. To support her arguments, she has painted “landscapes with no blue color.”
Albertine Ernestine Charlotte von Stein (1742 in Eisenach - Weimar 1827)
Close friend of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Johann Gottfried Herder’s family and Friedrich von Schiller, whose life and work was heavily influenced by von Stein.
Marie-Jeanne Bertin, better known as Rose Bertin (1747 - 1813)
One of the very few Women of the 18th Century, who became famous in the field of fashion dressmakers, milliners and dressmakers.
Bertin had her own shop in the Rue Saint-Honore (Paris), which she founded in 1770 and influenced the fashion of that time, including customers among influential noble ladies. Among her stuff she had Hoods, dressing gowns, swimsuits, hair accessories, hats, capes, coats, collars, scarves, bows, purses, handkerchiefs, shawls, muffs, fans, belts, gloves, shoes, slippers, and jewelry of all kinds.
Corona (Elisabeth Wilhelmine) Schröter (1751 - 1802)
German singer and actress. Played Iphigenia. Temporarily also visited Goethe’s art school.
Jeanne-Marie (or Manon), Roland de La Platière, better known as Madame Roland (1754 - 1793)
Well known political figure during the so called “French Revolution” in Paris. Madame Roland ran a salon and participated on the side of her husband’s policy regarding the Girondists. Roland was a member of the Paris Club of the Jacobins, who was convinced that abolition of monarchy was necessary. Madame Roland also wrote articles under the name of her husband in the Courrier de Lyon.
Elisabeth Charlotte Constanzia von der Recke (1754 - 1833)
Baltic German poet, novelist and hymn writer.
In 1787 she released “Nachricht von des berühmten Cagliostro Aufenthalt in Mitau im Jahre 1779 und dessen magischen Operationen”.
Von der Recke had intense correspondences with german free thinkers as Klopstock, Gleim, Claudius, Graves, Philipp Emanuel Bach, Graff, Tischbein, Kant, Goethe and Schiller.
Anna Maria Lenngren (1754 in Uppsala - 1817 in Stockholm)
One of the foremost writers of Swedish literature of the late 18th Century, during the Age of Enlightenment. Member of literary society “Ultime Dulci”.
Addressed “male double standard” as also “gender inequality” in her work “Rosalie”  and “Nagra ord minutes till yolk Kaera - ifall jag hade någon”  (Some words of my dear daughter - if I had one).
Mary Wollstonecraft (1759 in Hoxton - in 1797 in London)
Popular English novelist, translator, philosopher and feminist from Irish descent. Influenced by british feminist and historian Catherine Macaulay.
Baroness Dorothea von Vietinghoff (1761-1839)
Learned under Samuel Heinicke (1727 - 1790). Known as an educator and “inventor” of the German method of deaf education. Sister of legendary Juliane of Krudener, who was consultant and author for the Russian Czar. Known as “sun woman”, combining eccentricity and sense of mission. Deaf education was pretty rare during that time, with Abbé de l’Epée as another exception, who founded the first public school for deaf kids in 1755 in Paris.
Another famous community for deaf education was on Martha’s Vineyard, part of eight islands in this group, Naushon, Nonamesset, Uncatena, Wepecket, Nashawena, Pasque, Cuttyhunk and Penekese.
Susanna Rowson (1762 - 1824)
American writer and actress. Founded in 1797 “Mrs. Rowson’s Young Ladies’ Academy” in Boston, where she worked as a playwright and columnist for the Boston Weekly Magazine.
Caroline Schelling (1763 - 1809)
German political writer and translator. After some release from prison, Schelling was labeled as “frivolous”or “Democratin”, then constantly discriminated by the authorities.
Henriette Julie Heart (1764 - 1847)
One of the leading writers of Berlin’s early Romanticism. Married to writer and physician Marcus Herz. Runs a famous salon frequently visited by politicians, scientists, significant writers and philosophers, such as brothers Alexander und Wilhelm von Humboldt, Clemens Brentanos Frau Sophie Mereau-Brentano, Jean Paul, Ludwig Börne, Rahel Levin (later: Varnhagen) and Friedrich Schleiermacher.
Charlotte Louise Antoinette von Schiller, born Lengefeld (1766 - 1826)
wife of Friedrich Schiller.
Specialized in many “scientific areas”, which she followed with great interest for which she was applauded by Schiller and Goethe.
Sophie Friederike Mereau (1770 - 1806)
Writer of German Romanticism.
Participated as the only woman in Friedrich Schiller’s “Horen”, a periodical.
Rahel Varnhagen von Ense, born Levin (1771- 1833)
Between 1790 and 1806 von Ense led a literary salon (salon of Rahel Varnhagen), associated with poets, naturalists, politicians and aristocrats on the same level with each other. Famous guests were Jean Paul, Ludwig Tieck, Friedrich von Gentz, Ernst von Pfuel, Friedrich Schlegel, Wilhelm und Alexander von Humboldt, Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué, Prinz Louis Ferdinand and his girlfriend Pauline Wiesel.
Johanne Rosine Henriette Hendel-Schütz (1772 - 1849)
German actress and mime.
As early as two years old, Hendel-Schütz made her debut at the theater in Breslau and received her first art instruction from her father.
With nine years old Hendel-Schütz committed to children’s roles in the ballet at the National Theatre in Berlin.
During the years 1796-1806 she became a member of the Berlin National Theatre under the direction of August Iffland.
Jane Austen (1775 - 1817)
Sharp british commentary on the situation of young unmarried women of the “gentry” (the upper middle class) in England in the early 19th Century.
Austen published partly anonymous, her books included the byline: “by a Lady.”
Also the early role of the piano is covered in the works of Jane Austen.
Clara Josephine Schumann (1819 in Leipzig - 1896
German pianist and composer. Wife of Robert Schumann.
Emma Wedgwood (1808-1896), granddaughter of the wealthy industrialist Josiah Wedgwood, piano lessons, with none other than Frederic Chopin
Susanna Maria Rebecca Elisabeth von Adlerflychte (1775 in Frankfurt am Main - 1846)
German painter and the inventor of the “Rhine panorama”.
During a trip to the Rhine in 1811, she invented some new recording style of the Rhine Valley. Johann Friedrich Cotta von Cottendorf (1764-1832) recognized the new card design, and turned this into some lithographic printing with the help of Stuttgart-based theatre painter Keller.
Jeanne-Genevieve Labrosse (1775 - 1847)
Wife of Andre-Jacques Garnerin, inventor of the parachute.
On 10 November 1798, she started as first woman to own a balloon. Co-pilot was a Miss Henry of England, so this balloon ride can be referred to as the first flight with an all female team. On 12 October 1799 Jeanne Labrosse became also the first woman in the world who did a parachute jump.